Thursday, December 10, 2009

Librarian Conferences 2010

Joint Conference of the Mountain Plains Library Association & Oklahoma Library Association -- TBA

January 15, 2010-January 20, 2010
Midwinter Meeting of the American Library Association -- Boston, MA, USA

April 4, 2010-April 10, 2010
National Library Week of the American Library Association

April 7, 2010-April 9, 2010
Tri-Conference of the Kansas Library Association & Kansas Association of School Librarians & Kansas Association for Educational Communications and Technology -- Wichita, KS, USA

April 12, 2010-April 16, 2010
Annual Conference of the Texas Library Association -- San Antonio, TX, USA

May 6, 2010-May 7, 2010
Annual Membership Meeting of the Southeastern Library Network, Inc. (SOLINET) -- Atlanta, GA, USA

June 5, 2010-June 10, 2010
101st Annual Meeting of the Special Libraries Association -- Salt Lake City, UT, USA

June 24, 2010-June 30, 2010
Annual Conference of the American Library Association -- Orlando, FL, USA

Thursday, November 5, 2009

Facebook for Scientists Gets Millions in Funding, Seven Founding Schools Involved

From the Article:

The University of Florida, Cornell University and a handful of other schools have been awarded $12.2 million to build a social/collaborative network for scientists and researchers. The idea is to make it easier to find research and like-minded researchers in an effort to speed new discoveries.

The project, funded via the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, will initially take of the form of networks within each of the 7 founding schools but within two years could expand across the country. Eventually, the network will go worldwide, grant recipients hope.

Technologies used to support the effort will include VIVO, an open source discovery tool out of Cornell used to search for research information. It will also exploit concepts of the Semantic Web, Tim-Berners Lee’s vision for an even more useful Web that enables better sharing of data.

In addition to the University of Florida and Cornell, also involved in the project are Indiana University, Weill Cornell Medical College, Washington University in St. Louis, the Scripps Research Institute and the Ponce School of Medicine in Puerto Rico.

Source: CIO

Publisher’s Weekly Publishes Their Best Books of 2009 Lists

Lists: Top 10 Adult Books of 2009 as Chosen by Editors of Publisher’s Weekly
Yes, it’s true, the end-of-year lists begin rolling out some two months before December 31st. We love lists at ResourceShelf and welcome suggestions and links to include on the site.

This Top 10 list (the first-ever) from Publisher’s Weekly consists of both fiction and non-fiction titles. The books were selected from the 50,000 titles submitted to PW for review in 2009.


The Age of Wonder: How the Romantic Generation Discovered the Beauty and Terror of Science, by Richard Holmes

Cheever: A Life, by Blake Bailey

A Fiery Peace in a Cold War: Bernard Schriever and the Ultimate Weapon, by Neil Sheehan

Stitches: A Memoir, by David Small

Shop Class as Soulcraft, by Matthew Crawford

The Lost City of Z: A Tale of Deadly Obsession in the Amazon, David Grann


Await Your Reply, by Dan Chaon

Big Machine, by Victor LaValle

Jeff in Venice, Death in Varanasi, by Geoff Dyer

In Other Rooms, Other Wonders, by Daniyal Mueenuddin

This link will take you to the PW reviews of these titles.

The complete list of the 100 adult best books of the year, broken down by major categories, as well as 30 best children’s books of 2009, will appear in the November 2 issue of PW.

Source: Publisher’s Weekly

Friday, October 9, 2009

Obama Awarded 2009 Nobel Peace Prize

Oct. 9, 2009
By Ed Wiley III

In a surprise move, Barack Obama, who made “hope” the cornerstone of his campaign to become America’s first African-American president, was awarded the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize on Friday.

White House press secretary Robert Gibbs said Obama woke up to the news a little before 6 a.m. EDT. The White House had no immediate comment on the announcement, which took the administration by surprise.
"Only very rarely has a person to the same extent as Obama captured the world's attention and given its people hope for a better future," the Norwegian Nobel Committee said in praising the U.S. president. "His diplomacy is founded in the concept that those who are to lead the world must do so on the basis of values and attitudes that are shared by the majority of the world's population."
The Associated Press reported that when Obama’s name was announced in Oslo, Norway, a roomful of reporters there gasped in surprise.
But given Obama’s whirlwind of activities during his very short tenure as president, the selection was a good one, sayformer award recipients and others.

When Obama was elected president, he inherited a host of daunting hurdles – including the worst U.S. economy in memorable history, the constant threat of terrorism and two unpopular wars in the Iraq and Afghanistan – and he has been a leading voice on such issues as Mideast peace and the need for the United States to aggressively confront global warming. He has also been the catalyst behind America’s push for universal health care health care.

In recent weeks, Obama even headed to Denmark, hoping to land the 2016 Olympics for Chicago, which could use a boost in revenues – and image, considering the current spotlight on youth violence in the Windy City. In its final analysis, the Nobel Committee agreed that Obama had not only “created a new climate in international politics,” but he made “extraordinary efforts to strengthen international politics.”

Ironically, many of Obama’s harshest critics in the United States have blasted him for being so involved on so many different fronts, arguing that he has been unable to focus on the main domestic issue: the economy. During his trip to Denmark, some conservative commentators unabashedly announced their desire to see Obama fail in his attempt to bring the Olympics to his hometown.
But for those praying that such a “failure” would dull his national and international appeal, their hopes were dashed with today’s announcement.
"I see this as an important encouragement," former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari, last year's Peace Prize laureate, told AP.

Wangari Muta Maathai, the Kenyan who won the 2004 Peace Prize, agreed. "I think it is extraordinary," she said. "It will be even greater inspiration for the world. He has shown how we can probably come together, work together in a cooperative way."
Mohamed ElBaradei, the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize winner, said Obama deserved to win for his efforts to bring Iran to the table for direct nuclear talks with the United States. "I could not think of anybody who is more deserving," said ElBaradei, the chief of the International Atomic Energy Agency, known for his efforts to keep nations from using nuclear energy for military means.

Obama became the third sitting U.S. president bestowed with the prestigious award, which includes a prize of about $1.4 million. Theodore Roosevelt won in 1906, and Woodrow Wilson in 1919. Jimmy Carter also won the award in 2002, but he had been out of office for many years.

Obama was chosen from among 172 nominees and 33 organizations.

Wednesday, August 19, 2009

August Monthly Observances

American Adventures Month
American Indian Heritage Month
American History Essay Contest (8/1 - 12/15)
Black Business Month
Cataract Awareness Month
Children's Eye Health & Safety Month
Children's Vision & Learning Month
Get Ready for Kindergarten Month
Golf Month
Happiness Happens Month
Motorsports Awareness Month
National Immunization Awareness Month
National Inventor's Month
National Panini Month
National Water Quality Month
National Win With Civility Month
Neurosurgery Outreach Month
Psoriasis Awareness Month
Spinal Muscular Atrophy Awareness Month
What Will Be Your Legacy Month

Book Recommended for Your Collection...The Elements of Library Research: What Every Student Needs to Know Mary W. George

The Elements of Library Research:
What Every Student Needs to Know
Mary W. George

COPYRIGHT NOTICE: Published by Princeton University Press and copyrighted, © 2008, by Princeton University Press. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any electronic or mechanical means (including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval) without permission in writing from the publisher, except for reading and browsing via the World Wide Web. Users are not permitted to mount this file on any network servers. Follow links for Class Use and other Permissions. For more information, send e-mail to

This file is also available in Adobe Acrobat PDF format


Introduction to Research as Inquiry

Let me explain what this little book is and why I am writing it. It is not a guide to whipping up successful research papers from dribs and drabs of information. Nor is it a set of commandments or a list of random reference works. It is about the interplay of ideas (yours) with sources (from outside yourself) and about the nature and discovery of those sources. I want to persuade you, as a serious but uncertain student, that library research is not a mystery or a lucky dodge, but an investigation you control from start to finish, even though you cannot usually tell what sources you will discover. Like its twin, scientific experiment, library research is a form of structured inquiry with specific tools, rules, and techniques. Also like its twin, it is unpredictable, sometimes frustrating, but ultimately rewarding as you examine your findings, then add your own insights to make a compelling case. As a bonus, when you share your work—whether through writing, speaking, or technology—addressing one person or a wide audience, you create a new source, extending the cycle. There is no more fulfilling intellectual experience.

What do I mean by student and library in the previous paragraph? I want to reach anyone who feels anxious—or downright scared—when facing a task that involves seeking and weighing information. You may be starting your first research paper, your nth term project, even your doctoral dissertation: if you worry that you are not going to find enough of the ‘‘right stuff,’’ then the ideas and suggestions in this book will put you at ease and back in charge. Each time you work through the library research process, regardless of how different your aim or subject is from your previous efforts, you will become more fluent. Soon you will see how to modify the method and what alternatives exist if you are missing a key fact or suspect that a source cannot be trusted. As with any other complex activity, repetition with variations will lead first to mastery, then to creativity.

Novices often think that unless they have a gigantic university library at their disposal, they will fail to find all the sources they need. Not so. A bigger collection is not necessarily a better one for a specific research project. Not only are tens of millions of reputable sources of all sorts now in digital form as licensed databases or free on the Web, but libraries can often obtain material from elsewhere within a few days. Unless and until you come up short in the nearby collections available to you—typically your school’s own library and your local public library—I urge you not to worry. But if you do conclude that you need more sources, speak with both your instructor (assuming you are doing a course-related research project) and a reference librarian about what you can do.

Likewise, do not assume dire consequences if your library does not have all the reference works and databases I mention. I name these titles simply as examples, not as necessary resources for everyone. Once you understand what each type of tool does, you can figure out—on your own or by asking— what your library has to offer for the job.

Moving from the Known to the New

When you are familiar with an activity because you have done it flawlessly in the past, then you do not give it much time or thought or emotion. Why would you, unless the outcome is especially significant, such as earning a high grade on a math exam tomorrow so that you can take calculus next term?

But if an activity is new to you—if it is familiar but a lot more complex than anything you have done in the past, if factors such as the setting or criteria for success are strange— then you will inevitably be unsure, anxious, and probably tempted to avoid the experience. Think about the first time you needed to figure out a big city’s public transportation system on your own, so that you could travel from point A to point B within an hour. It was stressful—right?—even if all the maps and signs were in English. Now imagine the first time you got behind the wheel of a car, presumably after learning dozens of rules and cautions in a driver’s education class. My guess is that although you felt somewhat uncertain about what to do and the order to do it in, you were so eager to get your permit that you remember the event as a stimulating rather than a harrowing experience.

These scenarios illustrate the range of research projects you will encounter in college and beyond, some completely foreign to you and others for which you have some background or experience. The trait they share is the hunt for ‘‘what’s out there,’’ a favorite phrase of teachers everywhere.

In the following sections I cover the purposes of research in general, the varieties of research, and the ways researchers communicate their findings. I start this way because I want to convince you that the library research process is part of a larger universe of inquiry. If you can identify the facets of any research study you encounter, and figure out how someone designed it (or could have designed it better), then you will be much readier for college-level research than most students, whether in a library or a laboratory. As you read the next few pages, keep in mind that your professors live and breathe these issues as they go about the business of creating new knowledge in their fields.

Reasons for Research

Before we examine the varieties and characteristics of research, we should consider why anyone does formal research in the first place. Here is a list of research goals I encounter frequently on a university campus, but they occur in other settings as well, such as in business, government, and professional organizations. Research serves to

Reveal the cause or causes of a phenomenon
Resolve an anomaly (something that doesn’t make sense)
Test a hypothesis or develop a theory
Verify or replicate someone else’s findings
Determine what a new instrument or technique can do
Adapt methods or results from one field to another
Observe or record an event as it occurs
Reproduce conditions from the past in the present
Understand human motivations for actions
Isolate factors and their interrelationships in a complex system
Predict or influence individual or group behavior
Improve the quality of life across cultures and populations
Analyze the components of a creative work
No doubt you can supply examples of each of these research incentives from your own reading and experience. I suggest you keep track of additional ones you come across from now on. My point is that although a researcher’s intent helps determine the specific methods he or she will use, all researchers share a deep, universal aim: to discover the truth about something that intrigues them.

Varieties of Research

Most people think about research in large categories labeled with the field of the researcher or the course that requires a research project. For instance, you might refer to historical research, scientific research, textual research, or sociological research. These phrases suffice for general communication about what is meant, and they are the ones you see and hear in the media. They are not, however, precise as to the way someone tackles a research problem. The following chart lists some, but by no means all, of the common approaches to investigation used in research projects (also frequently called research studies), with brief descriptions. I don’t dwell on any of them except the first—which is, after all, what this book is about. I simply want to lay out the cards so you will see how diverse the deck of inquiry is. The forms of research toward the top of the chart are the ones you are most likely to encounter during your first two years of college.

These methods overlap in real life—in fact, it’s unusual for a given project not to involve more than one of them. Furthermore, the qualitative, quantitative, and empirical approaches are umbrella terms that can be applied to other methods as well. For now, just be alert to this variety.

Research Method Characteristics and Examples
Library Involves identifying and locating sources that provide factual information or personal/ expert opinion on a research question; necessary component of every other research method at some point
Experimental Takes place in a dedicated environment, typically a laboratory, and involves specific equipment and procedural steps; molecular biological research to decode a species’ genome is an example
Explicatory Entails a careful, close, and focused examination of a single major text, or of evidence surrounding a single complex event, in an attempt to understand one or more aspects of it—for instance, why a poem is pleasing, or the probable causes of an event
Field Occurs wherever the phenomenon under study exists, meaning the researcher goes to that location; archaeological excavation is one type
Observational Takes place either in a laboratory or in the field, but entails capturing an exact record of some behavior (of either animate or inanimate objects); child psychologists who watch infants interact do this sort of research. Note that researchers may be observers or participants in the phenomenon they are studying, as when an anthropologist lives in a remote village to record the language used by people during religious ceremonies
Interview Includes any sort of conversation that addresses a specific experience or issue about which the interviewee is knowledgeable, involves questions prepared in advance, and is recorded in its entirety; oral history, for instance
Survey Poses a series of questions to a group of people (usually a sample) with specific responses for individuals to choose from; usually captures demographic and socioeconomic information as well, to correlate with the responses; written questionnaires and telephone opinion polls are examples
Longitudinal Follows a phenomenon over time; often used in educational or medical studies where the individuals in a group are periodically reexamined at specific intervals over many years
Archival Involves the researcher in a close study of original documents—typically collected and retained by governments, organizations, or families—that exist in a unique location; genealogical research is a case in point
Qualitative Designates any research whose results are captured in words, images, or nonnumeric symbols; for instance, research on dreams
Quantitative Describes any approach where the phenomenon under study is captured via measurement and expressed in numbers that can be analyzed; opposite of qualitative research; econometric research on the international oil trade is an example
Empirical Refers to studies using experiment or observation to test the validity of a phenomenon; less rigorously, refers to knowledge derived from experience, as when people assert that, based on empirical evidence, the sun will rise tomorrow morning
Theoretical Entails speculation on the part of the researcher, and is usually based on the findings of other kinds of studies, in an attempt to account for or predict the behavior of a phenomenon; Einstein’s work is a case in point

How Researchers Share Their Findings

You can think of these and other research methods as the engine of the new-knowledge-creation process, the necessary transformative stage between the researcher’s curiosity and conclusions. Before you can appreciate those conclusions or take part in the process itself, you should be aware of the various ways researchers convey their results and interpretations to other experts and to the general public.

Here is yet another list, this time of how and where researchers most commonly communicate. Since most of these channels are familiar or self-explanatory, I keep my elaboration to a minimum. The product of research can be

A report in the form of a peer-reviewed article in a scholarly journal
An announcement in the form of a press release, interview, or story written by a journalist for a news publication or popular periodical
A book (also called a monograph when it is devoted to a single, complex topic)
A chapter in a collection of essays addressing the same or related themes
A presentation at a conference, sometimes later published in a proceedings volume or as a journal article
A master’s thesis or doctoral dissertation, which may later be revised and issued as a book
A memoir or autobiography, typically by a senior scholar reflecting on his or her research career and appearing in journal article, chapter, or book format
A comment on another researcher’s work, such as a letter to the editor or a book review, published in a newspaper or periodical
Nonprint media such as e-mail, listserv postings, blogs, personal Web pages, filmed documentaries, or broadcast interviews on radio or television
An overview or synthesis in an encyclopedia article or college textbook
Classroom teaching, conversations with colleagues, and student advising, types of communication that are seldom published but may well be captured and preserved as lecture notes, in footnotes, or in the acknowledgments of books or journal articles
In the course of your college education, you will read about each of these forms of communication. You will likely observe your professors engage in or allude to them as well.

Peer Review
This is an essential activity in the world of learning. In its more general sense, peer review means that specialists on a topic have a duty to evaluate the work of others in the same area of expertise—just as those with experience in the professions serve as gatekeepers for their field. In its narrower sense, a peer-reviewed article is one that scholars in a discipline have judged to be worthwhile before it is published in a journal, thus assuring that poor research and weak arguments never see the light of day.

Literature Review A standard outcome of research is a literature review (also called a research review or a review of the literature). This is a paragraph, section, or entire chapter—depending on the nature and length of the publication—in which the author identifies and comments on previous attempts to answer the same, or related, research questions. Although you may never be asked to include a formal research review in anything you write in college, you will most definitely be expected to do research reviews for various projects, mainly to back up your own ideas and arguments, but also to prove to your teachers that you can identify and evaluate relevant sources.
Don’t be misled by the phrases literature review or review of the literature. They refer to a summary of related research in any field. The terms are not limited to the novels, poems, or plays you read in an English course. So you may well come across a literature review on AIDS-related infant mortality in a journal article by medical researchers describing their study of the disease in newborns.

Practice Critical Thinking Create a dedicated computer file, notebook, or folder where you keep track of interesting research projects you encounter. Include where and how you came across the information, so that you can get back to it in the future. A good method is to regularly examine current issues, either online or in print at your library, of periodicals that carry what I call breakthrough stories: for example, any of the major news magazines (Newsweek, Time, U.S. News & World Report); the science section of a daily newspaper; or publications like Nature, Psychology Today, Science, or Scientific American. In each issue, look at the table of contents and choose the article that most intrigues you. Read it thoroughly and make notes about the questions the researchers address, the methods they use, and how they describe the results of their study. If other ideas occur to you—for instance, if you’ve read an article about how honeybees communicate and you wonder whether the same conclusions apply to wasps—write those down too, so you will get in the habit of thinking critically about the work of others. Be sure to record the bibliographic details of the article: author(s), title of the article, name of the publication, date, and page(s). If you prefer, you can print out or photocopy the article, write the bibliographic details on the copy (if they are not already present), and put your own comments in the margins.

The rest of this book guides you through the process of identifying sources for your own research projects. For now just realize that everyone starting a complex inquiry needs to discover two things: as much background information as possible on their topic of interest; and the research, conclusions, and opinions of others who have examined the same topic and asked similar questions about it. Even a genius must start from the work of earlier thinkers, a truth symbolized by the image of Sir Isaac Newton (1642–1727) seeing farther because, as he is reputed to have said, he stood on the shoulders of giants—that is, of his own predecessors.

From Here Forward

The next chapter of this book expands on the idea of library research as inquiry and recommends an efficient, effective way to plan your investigation before you start to uncover evidence. To do this, it offers a diagram of the library research process, three key definitions, and several suggestions for choosing a congenial research topic. It also raises the gnarly matter of plagiarism and introduces Mary’s Maxims, a few friendly injunctions to all library researchers, which I intersperse throughout the book. The purpose of these maxims is to lower your anxiety and raise your expectations—and, I hope, your enjoyment—as you conduct library research in any setting.

Chapter 3 focuses on a basic, and versatile, library research strategy and the tools you need to wield at each stage. I concentrate on the characteristics of each kind of reference work and give examples, recognizing that your own library may well have different resources that perform the same functions.

Chapter 4 addresses practical issues everyone confronts in the course of research. I describe in detail the known-item and concept approaches for identifying sources and the two complementary variations of the latter, keyword and subject searching. I also go over search logic, the nontrivial matter of locating and obtaining items, and some other techniques for discovering evidence.

Chapter 5 considers ways to evaluate sources and discusses the dynamism of inquiry—that is, the ever-shifting relationship among research questions, findings, and insight. Although this is emphatically not a composition textbook, I offer a few words about developing an argument, dealing with obstacles in the writing process, and documenting all the pertinent evidence. This final chapter reiterates a serious message I address at several points in the book: avoiding plagiarism. To conclude, I extract the principles and techniques covered earlier and suggest how, with a bit of tailoring, you can extrapolate them from one inquiry to the next—across time, place, and topics, as you move through your education and daily life.

File created: 7/23/2008

Questions and comments to:
Princeton University Press

Saturday, July 25, 2009

Collaboration/Social Networking - Thank you Librarian Chick @

•4shared - Upload, download and share music, books, video and more with 5 BG of free space
•Blackboard Scholar - A social bookmarking service customized for education
•CentralDesktop - Shared workspaces and Web conferencing that let you collaborate anytime
•CollectivX - Social networking for groups of all types and sizes
•Connotea - Free social reference management for researchers, clinicians and scientists
•Edmodo - A microblogging platform where teachers and students can exchange notes, links, files, alerts, assignments, etc.
•Eduforge - An open access environment designed for the sharing of ideas, research outcomes, open content and open source software for education
•eHow - More than 100,000 articles that are professionally written with clear and concise directions on how to do things
•Elgg - A free social networking site for education based on the open source Elgg social networking platform
•eloops - Online calendar, data backup, project management, and social networking
•ePals - Communicate with classrooms in 182 countries, and collaborate with teachers around the world
•First Tutors - Search to find UK private tutors in your area
•Gimao - Group knowledge and information management
•GroupLoop - Simple web-based software to organize your group
•Groupvine - Groups made easy, fun and simple
•Imagination Cubed - Collaborative drawing tool
•Instructables - A community for sharing and learning tips and instructions
•iPeer - Develop and deliver peer evaluations, review and release student comments, build rubrics and progress report forms online, etc
•Jotspot - Create and share documents, spreadsheets, calendars and more
•Jottit - Create simple websites and collaboritive blogs that are easy to edit and share
•KnowledgeForge - A digital open knowledge community that provides the facilities and tools to create everything from textbooks to maps
•Labmeeting - Scientists can upload, search, organize, and retrieve their research papers and recommend them to colleagues
•MindMeister Basic - Hold online real-time brainstorming sessions with friends and colleagues
•OneBigU - Earn money for answering questions posed by other users or donate that money to support a good cause
•Qipit - Copy and share documents with your camera phone or digital camera
•Sakai - An online collaboration and learning environment for education
•Scribd - Upload your documents, share them with others and explore an expanding library of documents submitted by others
•SpringNote - Collaborate, share files, and create pages with numerous templates and 2 GB free storage
•Squidoo - A community where you can share your expertise and learn from others
•Tapped In - Where teachers, librarians, administrators, university faculty, students, and researchers gather to learn, collaborate, share, and support
•Thinkature - Free unlimited workspaces for real-time collaboration online
•ThinkFold - Groups can collaborate on ideas, documents, presentations and plans
•Tuggle - Catapult your organization's administration and communication methods
•Tutor Hunt - Connecting private tutors and students for free

•Versionate - Create, edit content and share documents with others
•Wikiversity - Students and teachers are invited to join the project as collaborators in teaching, learning, and research
• - A social web application for college students and recent graduates, that enables members to promote, learn, share and engage
•Wridea - Collaborative brainstorm sessions and a place to get your ideas organized
•ZedZone - A powerful website for communication, sharing files, and/or collaboration for any community or group
•Zoho - Create, aggregate, and share content with this intensive collection of productivity and collabration applications